Un Small Arms Agreement

Reaffirming the sovereign right of every State to regulate and control conventional arms exclusively within its territory, in accordance with its own legal or constitutional system, I had the opportunity to serve with the Delegation of Mexico throughout the negotiation process, beginning with the negotiations and adoption of General Assembly resolution 64/48 in 2009 and the adoption of the Treaty in 2013. I can confirm the hard work and effort that has been made by both Amb. García Moritán and Amb. Woolcott and all delegations demanded to meet on a topic that has an inherent tendency to polarization and touches on issues that are very sensitive to States, including concern for their own security and stability. From a Mexican point of view, it is a particularly important legal instrument, given the great challenges and threats posed by arms trafficking, which flows mainly from the UNITED States border to Mexico and fuels organized crime. To illustrate this point, the negotiations coincided with the discovery of the highly controversial American fast and furious operation, in which the Phoenix Field division of the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives (ATF) authorized the illegal sale of weapons to prosecute sellers and buyers alleged to be linked to Mexican drug cartels. May 1997: The Noble Laureate Initiative is officially launched in New York. The initiative supports a Code of Conduct for the Arms Trade to lay the groundwork for a future Arms Trade Treaty. The final text of the treaty was to be adopted by consensus, in accordance with the rules of procedure of the conference agreed upon by the preparatory committee. At the first conference, Russia and the United States said they were not willing to adopt the draft text presented by Argentine President Roberto García Moritán. Accordingly, the General Assembly convened the closing conference at which the general agreement, including between Russia and the United States, was developed on the draft text prepared by Australian President Peter Woolcott.

However, on the last day of the last UN closing conference (28 March 2013), Syria, Iran and the Democratic People`s Republic of Korea (DPRK) blocked the adoption of the treaty by consensus. A draft resolution was therefore submitted to the General Assembly on 1 April 2013 for the adoption of the Treaty. The resolution was co-funded by 64 UN member states, including the United States. The TA was therefore adopted by the UN General Assembly on 2 April 2013 with 154 votes in favour, only 3 against (DPRK, Iran and Syria) and 23 abstentions. To date, the treaty has 130 signatories and 101 states parties. The TAT is part of a larger global effort launched in 1997 by Costa Rican President and 1987 Nobel Peace Prize laureate Óscar Arias. This year, Arias led a group of Nobel Peace Prize laureates at a meeting in New York to offer the world a code of conduct for the arms trade. This group included Elie Wiesel, Betty Williams, the Dalai Lama, José Ramos-Horta, representatives of International Physicians for the Prevention of Nuclear War, Amnesty International and the American Friends Service Committee. The basic idea was to establish ethical standards for the arms trade, which would eventually be adopted by the international community.

Over the next 16 years, the Arias Foundation for Peace & Human Progress was instrumental in securing treaty approval. On 18 December 2006, the United Kingdom Ambassador for Multilateral Arms Control and Disarmament, John Duncan, formally presented Resolution 61/89, in which the Secretary-General of the United Nations invited United Nations Member States to express their views on the feasibility, scope and design of a `comprehensive legally binding instrument establishing common international import standards, of the export and transfer of conventional arms” 100,000 00 and to submit a report thereon to the General Assembly. . . .

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